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RESEARCH-BASED COMPONENTS OF
EFFECTIVE READING INSTRUCTION




No one method works for all children, but a combination of these methods is proven to help children K-6 and children who have had difficulty learning to read.
  • PHONEMIC AWARENESS knowledge of letters, letter sounds and print as a representation for spoken sounds
  • SYNTHETIC PHONICS blending sounds into words
  • ALPHABETIC CODE phonics and decoding
  • FLUENT, AUTOMATIC READING oral and silent
  • VOCABULARY taught directly and in context
  • COMPREHENSION of TEXT teach strategies
  • WRITTEN EXPRESSION reinforces reading skills
  • CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT to guide instruction
  • GUIDED ORAL READING of a wide range of printed material
Children need feedback research does not show silent reading improves comprehension nor fluency, although it may help.
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