HIEROGLYPHICS or PICTOGRAPHS –
symbols that represent whole ideas or concepts
ALPHABETIC Code – each letter represents
Late 1700s –
promoted "no drill"
Sight-word (whole word) instruction
Teach MEANING over word decoding
McGuffey Readers – primarily sight-word
asked Why Johnny Can’t Read – he recommended return to PHONICS
at a time when "Dick and Jane" were in use.
His book promoted a split in philosophy
between whole-language and phonics teachers.
The National Reading Panel reports
a combination of phonics, word sounds and oral reading is the most effective
way to teach reading.
Many schools are still using "whole language."
We see massive documented reading failure
in America’s children.
Scientific research shows that direct,
systematic phonics is the best
foundation for beginning to read.