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APPROACHES TO TEACHING READING



Phonics approach – most soundly supported by research for effective instruction
                                    in beginning reading

  • Must be explicitly taught
  • Must be systematically organized and sequenced
  • Must include learning how to blend sounds together
Multi-Sensory Approach – effective for special needs
  • Uses all possible senses – tracing, saying, listening, looking
  • Typically called VAKT
      • Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic, Tactile
  • Can be used with either Phonics or Whole Language
Linguistic Method – supported only by "qualitative research"
                                    instead of quantitative research
  • Teaches "whole words" in word families
  • Students are not explicitly taught that there is a relationship between letters and sounds for most sounds
Language Experience – called "Whole Language"
  • Expects child to learn reading as "naturally" as speech
  • Uses child’s oral language as content for reading
  • Uses child’s oral language as basis for spelling instruction
  • Children learn to "read" by reading and re-reading "big books" together with the teacher and then the teacher gradually withdraws prompts so child appears to be reading that book
Reading Comprehension Support
  • Explicitly teaches strategies and techniques for studying texts and acquiring meaning


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